The report presents findings of a study on time use and role allocation by gender in Uganda. Most governments, Uganda inclusive, have put in place measures to promote gender equality in terms of access to resources, political representation, and reduced discrimination at work places. For instance, according to Uganda’s constitution, women have a right to equally inherit property upon the death of their parents and spouses. In addition, Uganda has put measures to promote girl child education so as to close gender gap in education. The notable intervention is the affirmative action which gives girl students 1.5 extra points at high school to enable them to join the university. However, despite all these efforts, women are still disadvantaged along social, economic and political dimensions. For example, role allocation and time use vary by gender. Studies have shown that men are most likely to participate in paid work, while women participate in unpaid work. This has implications, not only on equality, but also on welfare of women, and households at large. To address gender gaps, data and evidence are key for policy guidance. Recognizing that gender statistics is necessary in effectively attaining equity and equality in the planning and decision-making processes of government, Uganda Bureau of Statistics has undertaken several household-based surveys including the Time Use Survey 2017. This study examines this data to generate incites on time use, role allocation and perceptions about work by gender in Uganda.