Conflict Trends Issue 4 2002

“The first section of this issue serves as a good prelude to the other three articles, which focus on the process of democracy in Africa. This part begins with an article by Liebenberg, which is a critical reflection on the theoretical underpinnings and the relevance of the Western concept of democratic consolidation in Africa. Mbugua traces the evolution of democracy in Kenya – he focuses on the key challenges that faced the country during its progress from one-party state to a plural democracy. On the other hand, Seleoane looks at how Lesotho managed to hold a relatively successful election (after much pre-election turmoil) in 1998. Lastly, Maundi delves into the pertinent issues and challenges that face Tanzania while it attempts to consolidate democracy. In doing so, he highlights the differences between democratic transition and democratic consolidation.”