Briefing Paper

Peace Implementation in the Post-2005 Era: Lessons from Four Peace Agreements in Africa

“This Policy & Practice Brief focuses on four peace agreements, namely the 2005 Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), the 2007 Ouagadougou Peace Agreement (OPA) in Côte d’Ivoire, the 2008 Kenya National Accord (KNA), and the 2008 Global Political Agreement (GPA) in Zimbabwe. These particular peace agreements ended serious levels of violence and ushered in conditions that could facilitate peace and democracy in the respective countries. Nonetheless, there have been mixed levels of success, especially regarding their implementation. This brief is written against the background of scholarly and practitioner interest in what makes peace agreements succeed or fail, and it undertakes a systematic analysis of purposely selected peace agreements in Africa, to make recommendations for effective peace implementation.”