Black Africa’s association of colonial rule with special protection of minorities and with refusal to acknowledge the rightful claims of the majority has had unfortunate long-term consequences for whites in Africa. Constitutional proposals reserving a preferential position for communal minority in a new order, will seldom now be judged objectively on their merits. The theme of this paper is the dispute around the Rhodesian Constitution. The proposal for the Constitution as well as the reasons for opposition to it is discussed. The Role of the British Government and the implications of the Constitution for South Africa is explained.